View: India needs to improve its educational outcomes to catch up with China

Education

Both China and India started building their national education systems under comparable conditions in the late 1940s. Different policies and historical circumstances have, however, led them to different educational outcomes, with China outperforming India not just in terms of its percentage of literate population and enrollment rates at all levels of education, but also in terms of number of world-class institutions in higher education, and greater research output.

The roots of China’s successful education system date back to the Cultural Revolution(1966-1976), which unintentionally expanded access to the primary education through democratising the schooling system, which was previously elitist in character, thus addressing the problem of mass illiteracy.

In contrast, India continued to focus on its higher education system since independence and only realised the importance of basic education in 1986, keeping it behind China and many other countries in Asia in educational development. In terms of enrollment, China reached a 100 percent gross enrollment rate (GER) in its primary education in 1985, whereas, India attained that level only in 2000.

In terms of secondary school enrollment, India and China both started at the similar rates in 1985, with about 40 percent of their population enrolled in secondary schools. However, due to a wider base of primary school students, the rate of increase in China has been much faster than in India, with 99 percent secondary enrollment rate in China and 79 percent in India in 2017.

India is closing in on the Chinese rate in terms of access to education, but on the literacy level front, there is a huge gap in the percentage of literate populations in the two countries. In the age group of 15-24 years, India scores 104th rank on literacy and numeracy indicator, compared to China’s 40th rank.

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which assesses after every three years the domain knowledge of 15-year-old students in reading, mathematics, science and finance, revealed that students in China performed above the OECD average in 2015. Moreover, one in four students in China are top performers in mathematics, having an ability to formulate complex situations mathematically. Further, China outperforms all the other participating countries in financial literacy, by having a high ability to analyse complex finance products. For India, the comparable data is not available as it was not a participating country in PISA 2015.

However, in India, the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2017 provides data for rural youth, aged 14-18, with respect to their abilities to lead productive lives as adults. According to this survey, only about half of the 14-year-old children in the sample could read English sentences, and more than half of the students surveyed could not do basic arithmetic operations, like division. For basic financial calculations, such as managing a budget or making a purchase decision, less than two-thirds could do the correct calculations.

With regard to the higher education system, both India and China dominate the number of tertiary degree holders because of their large population size, but when it comes to the percentage of the population holding tertiary degrees, only about 10 per cent and 8 per cent of the population possess university degrees in China and India, respectively. By contrast, in Japan, almost 50 per cent of the population holds a tertiary degree, and in the United States, 31 per cent of the population hold a tertiary degree.

In terms of the international recognition of universities, the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Ranking for 2019 places seven of the China’s universities in the top 200, compared to none for India. The global university rankings, which are based on various performance metrices, pertaining to teaching, research, citations, international outlook and industrial income, shows progress for several of China’s low-ranked universities, largely driven by improvements in its citations.

In fact, the Tsinghua University has overtaken the National University of Singapore (NUS) to become the best university in Asia due to improvements in its citations, institutional income and increased share of international staff, students and co-authored publications.

While India has progressed in terms of massification of education, there is still a lot which needs to be done when it comes to catching up with the China’s educational outcomes. China’s early start in strengthening its primary and secondary education systems has given it an edge over India in terms of higher education. Moreover, Chinese government strategies are designed in line with the criterion used in major world university rankings, especially emphasis is on the two factors which weigh heavily in the rankings — publications and international students.

The relentless publications drive, which is very evident in China, is weak in India and has led to a growing gap in the number of publications contributed by the two countries. Further, China enrolled about 292,611 foreign students in 2011 from 194 countries, while India currently only has 46,144 foreign students enrolled in its higher education institutions, coming from 166 countries. The large number of international enrollments in China is a reflection of its state policies granting high scholarships to foreign students.

To catch up with China, India needs to lay emphasis on improving its educational outcomes. Massification drive for education has helped India raise its student enrollments, but a lot needs to be done when it comes to global recognition for its universities. Further, it needs to focus on building the foundation skills which are acquired by students at the school age, poor fundamental skills flow through the student life, affecting adversely the quality of education system.

[“source=economictimes.indiatimes”]

Bosch Home Appliances to invest 100 mn Euro to expand in India

Bosch Home Appliances to invest 100 mn Euro to expand in India

Bosch Home Appliances will invest 100 million Euros over the next 3-4 years towards personalizing solutions, brand building, strengthening its technology centre, and setting up a robust refrigerator factory to bring its best-in-class German technology in India and magnifying India’s role globally, the company said in a statement.

In the coming years, Bosch will take its offerings from conventional to digital and transform businesses beyond mobility, by focusing on connectivity and new digital business models for customer value, as well as extending new employment opportunities in the space.

According to the company, India’s household appliances market is expected to grow at 14.5 percent annually (CAGR 2018-2022), resulting in a market volume of USD 2,028 million by 2022. Bosch India expects its business in this sector to grow significantly over the coming years. In line with this insight, Bosch has steadily expanded its product portfolio, with a major focus on localized offerings and India-first innovations built with the highest quality of German engineering, the company said.

BSH Household Appliances which started operations in the country in 2010, has launched new categories like fully automatic top loader washing machines, small appliances, and freestanding microwave ovens here this year. The company has also launched its luxury range Gaggenau in India this year which includes an entire range of built-in home appliances like refrigerators, dishwashers, cooking appliances.

“We want to remain the consumers’ first choice. Innovation and technology are the key pillars at BSH Household Appliances and we are constantly working towards simplifying the day-to-day lives of consumers by reinventing and regionalizing solutions and accessories including branded detergents for washing machines and dishwashers,” said Gunjan Srivastava, Managing Director, and CEO, BSH Household Appliances.

BSH sells its products through 55 exclusive Bosch outlets, 25 Siemens outlets, large format stores like Croma and Vijay sales along with hundreds of direct dealers. The company is still in the process of building its distribution channel and expanding its retail presence. BSH currently manufactures front-loading washing machines in its 42-acre facility around Chennai in Tamil Nadu. The company will soon start manufacturing other appliances in this facility as well.

[“source=forbes]

Dentsu Impact bags creative mandate for Mobiistar in India

Vietnamese smartphone brand Mobiistar, which entered the Indian smartphone market in May this year, has recently awarded its creative duties to Dentsu Impact. Following a multi-agency pitch, Dentsu Impact has bagged the creative mandate for Mobiistar.

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Aniruddha Deb

Aniruddha Deb, chief marketing officer, Mobiistar says,”While we entered the country in May, we wanted to highlight our strong commitment towards the country by establishing ourselves more deeply into its ecosystem. Hence to reach out to the discerning smartphone consumers, we have roped in Dentsu Impact as the brand’s creative partner in India. The team at Dentsu Impact will work closely with the Mobiistar team for the offline launch strategy and the communication roll-out pan India. We are excited about the possibilities and are going to be quite aggressive in this extremely busy category.”

Commenting on the win, Amit Wadhwa, president, Dentsu Impact says, “We are excited to partner Mobiistar as this gives us the canvas to build this compelling brand in the Indian market. The category is extremely competitive, and it is not just about getting the right pulse of the market but also about getting the right handle on the mediums today.”

Dentsu Impact is going to be Mobiistar’s creative, communication strategy, advertising and branding partner. The agency will help Mobiistar in understanding the consumer’s mindset, behavior, motivations and triggers that will help the company make a mark in a cluttered smartphone category. The brand has planned multiple campaigns in the coming months and Dentsu Impact’s partnership will be key in rolling out integrated campaigns for new products.

Dentsu Impact is a creative agency of the Dentsu Aegis network that handles Maruti Suzuki, HT, Ikea, Carlsberg and the agency recently set up its Bangalore office as well.

[“source=ndtv”]

Honor 8X India launch today: How to watch livestream, specifications, expected price and more

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Honor 8X is all set to launch in India on October 16, which is today. The new Honor smartphone will be unveiled at an event in New Delhi at 11:30 AM. The successor to Honor 7X, the new Honor 8X was originally introduced in China last month. The phone features a tall 6.5-inch full HD+ 19.5:9 notch-style display. Honor 8X will be available for purchase exclusively on the e-retail platform, Amazon India.

Honor 8X event will be livestreamed via the company’s official YouTube channel. In addition, users can check Honor India official Twitter handle for live updates. Here are the details on how to watch livestream of Honor 8X launch event, India launch timings, expected price, specifications and more.

Honor 8X launch in India: How to watch livestream, timings

Honor will be hosting a livestream of the Honor 8X launch event on their official YouTube channel. The Chinese handset maker is expected to post live updates on its official Honor India Twitter handle as well. Honor 8X launch event will commence at 11:30 AM IST.

Honor 8X launch in India: Expected price, specifications

Honor 8X could be priced between Rs 15,000 and Rs 20,000 in India. The phone marked its debut in China last month. The new Honor smartphone will be Amazon exclusive in India and the ‘Notify Me’ page is live on the e-commerce platform.

Also Read: Honor 8C with Snapdragon 632 processor, 4000mAh battery launched: Price, specifications

The new Honor 8X features a 6.5-inch full HD+ 19.5:9 display with a notch on top. It is powered by Huawei’s latest HiSilicon Kirin 710 processor paired with 4GB of RAM. In terms of camera, Honor 8X sports dual camera setup comprising of a 20MP primary sensor and a 2MP secondary sensor. The cameras on the phone offer AI mode. Up front, it has a 16MP camera sensor that supports bokeh mode. Honor 8X runs Android Oreo and packs a 3,750mAh battery.

[“source=TimeOFIndia”]