Listening to music may not help you enhance creative performance

music-headphones2_ThinkstockPhotosLONDON: Listening to background music “significantly impairs” people’s ability to complete tasks testing verbal creativity, say scientists who challenge the myth that music makes us more creative.

Psychologists from University of Gavle in Sweden, University of Central Lancashire and Lancaster Universityin the UK investigated the impact of background music on performance by presenting people with verbal insight problems that are believed to tap creativity.

They found that background music “significantly impaired” people’s ability to complete tasks testing verbal creativity – but there was no effect for background library noise.

For example, a participant was shown three words (eg dress, dial, flower), with the requirement being to find a single associated word (in this case “Sun”) that can be combined to make a common word or phrase (ie sundress, sundial and sunflower).

Listening to music may not help you enhance creative performance

The researchers used three experiments involving verbal tasks in either a quiet environment or while exposed to background music with unfamiliar lyrics, instrumental music without lyrics, or music with familiar lyrics.

“We found strong evidence of impaired performance when playing background music in comparison to quiet background conditions,” said Neil McLatchie of Lancaster University.

Researchers suggest this may be because music disrupts verbal working memory.

The third experiment – exposure to music with familiar lyrics – impaired creativity regardless of whether the music also boosted mood, induced a positive mood, was liked by the participants, or whether participants typically studied in the presence of music.

Listening to music may not help you enhance creative performance

However, there was no significant difference in performance of the verbal tasks between the quiet and library noise conditions.

Researchers said this is because library noise is a “steady state” environment which is not as disruptive.

The findings challenge the popular view that music enhances creativity, and instead demonstrate that music, regardless of the presence of semantic content, consistently disrupts creative performance in insight problem solving, researchers said.

[“source=economictimes.indiatimes”]

Focus on new tech to cut emission, enhance mileage: Maruti

The company also claimed that “three of the most fuel efficient cars in India” are all from its stable.

The country’s largest carmaker Maruti Suzuki India(MSI) is focusing on new technologies to cut emission per vehicle while enhancing fuel efficiency for its future models.

The company said it has been able to bring down weighted average of CO2 emission for its entire fleet by nearly 19 per cent over a decade since 2007—08.

“Going forward, we will continue our focus on investing in new technologies and strengthen our capability to bring down emissions per vehicle by enhancing fuel efficiency of our cars,” Maruti Suzuki India Executive Director (Engineering)C V Raman has said in a statement.

Besides upgrading current engines and transmissions, and making models more aerodynamic to enhance the fuel efficiency, MSI has also focused on new generation light weight platforms, such as the Heartect on which Baleno and new Dzire models are based, for “safer and more fuel efficient vehicles“.

“We work on platform strategy and keep on rationalising them to offer better value to the customers by better fuel efficiency and better performance, which leads to reduction in emissions,” Raman added.

On its effort to cut emissions, the company said it has reduced the weighted average of CO2 emission by around 19 per cent for its entire fleet.

MSI has aslo said that it had started the exercise to reduce CO2 emission from 2005-06 by taking 100 as base for its entire fleet. It came down to 80 in 2016-17 as compared to 98.5 in 2007-08.

Introduction of mild hybrid system in mass market vehicles along with factory fitted CNG in vehicles have helped the company offer more eco-friendly vehicles, it added.

The company also claimed that “three of the most fuel efficient cars in India” are all from its stable.

These are the diesel variants of hatchback Celerio (27.62 kmpl), compact sedan Dzire (28.4 kmpl) and mid—sized sedan Ciaz (28.09 kmpl).

 [“Source-ndtv”]

India, Qatar signal 7 Agreements to enhance Cooperation And funding

India, Qatar Sign 7 Agreements To Boost Cooperation And Investment

Agreements were signed by means of Indian and Qatar officers inside the presence of high Minister Narendra Modi and Emir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani.
DOHA: India and Qatar today signed seven agreements, together with one on finance intelligence to testcash laundering and terrorism financing and another to woo overseas investment within the infrastructurequarter from the gaswealthy Gulf country.

Cooperation and investment in areas of skill improvement and education, fitness, tourism and sportsbetween the two nations had been the alternative agreements signed by means of Indian and Qatarofficials within the presence of high Minister Narendra Modi and Emir Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani.

reputable talks had been held among PM Modi and Sheikh Tamim for multi-sectoral partnership and strengthening of Indo-Qatar ties following which the agreements and Memorandums of expertise (MoUs) weresigned on the second one day of the high minister’s visit.

An MoU turned into signed among Qatar investment Authority and outside Affairs Ministry for funding innational investment and Infrastructure Fund between the two international locations that might facilitateforeign investment from the gasolinewealthy Gulf nation.

An MoU signed between Finance Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND) and the Qatar monetary statistics Unit (QFIU) might help in monitoring money go with the flow and investment from Qatar to India. it wouldadditionally help authorities to protect against money laundering, terrorism financing and other monetaryoffences.

An agreement was also signed between the 2 nations on cooperation and mutual help in custom mattersbesides an MoU on cooperation in tourism.

PM Modi became accorded a ceremonial protect of honour on the Emiri Diwan that became followed withreliable bilateral talks among the 2 leaders.

PM Modi and Sheikh Tamim held certain talks on a wide variety of troubles with an cause to offer a push to India-Qatar ties.

Qatar is an essential trading companion for India in the Gulf location with bilateral alternate in 2014-15standing at $15.67 billion. it’s also one in all India’s key resources of crude oil.

at the same time as touchdown here the day before today, PM Modi had said India attaches first rateprecedence to sturdy ties with Qatar and that his go to seeks to make bigger the bilateral ties further.

The high minister has been focusing on improving ties with the Gulf region that is essential for India’selectricity protection. He has already visited United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.