Regulator Seeks Complete Tax Exemptions for NPS

Regulator Seeks Complete Tax Exemptions for NPSNew Delhi: With an aim to increase its customer base, Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) Chairman Hemant Contractor on Wednesday urged the government to provide ‘Triple E’ benefits to the schemes under the National Pension System (NPS) to bring them at par with EPFO and PPF where the maturity amount is not taxed.

“Our request to the government is with regard to making NPS a Triple E product,” Mr Contractor said on his expectations from the Union budget to be presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on February 29.

Under the ‘Triple E’ category investment, all three accrued interest and withdrawal are exempt from tax.

Talking to reporters, he said making the NPS an ‘exempt-exempt-exempt’ product would go a long way in increasing the customer base of PFRDA.

“If this happens then our customer base will surely increase and it will help raise our corpus substantially,” he said.

He said as compared to other pension schemes, NPS is a bit disadvantageous as both EPFO and PPF enjoy the ‘Triple E’ benefit.

“If our schemes too offer such facility, we think this will help us make join in a large number with our scheme,” Mr Contractor said.

The retirement saving scheme NPS falls under EET (exempt-exempt-taxable) category, wherein investment gets deduction in the taxable income and also income/interest/gains are not taxed. However, maturity proceeds are taxable.

The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority runs the NPS.

Mr Contractor further said PFRDA has urged the government for continuation of the additional deduction of Rs.50,000 for contribution towards the NPS under Section 80CCD.

The PFRDA is also demanding that service tax on purchase of annuity should be removed.

In order to reduce cost and time of operation and ensure wider coverage of old age income security schemes, PFRDA has also modified e-NPS platform to accept PAN and bank e-Aadhaar as the KYC document for online registration of subscribers under NPS.

“PFRDA has accordingly revisited the issue and believes that enabling e-Aadhaar in addition to PAN and bank account based KYC for the e-NPS platform can reduce the cost and time of operation and ensure wider coverage to the citizens,” it said in a statement.

It said with the operationalisation of this modified e-NPS platform, the subscriber will now have various options for opening of account.

They can open account through points-of-presence-service provider (POP-SP), use online PAN and net banking of selected banks.

Besides, they would also be able to open account online using Aadhaar number, it said.

To instill the habit of saving for older age by pension contribution, PFRDA is also planning to introduce a ‘soft compulsion’ approach for the unorganised sector, wherein subscribers will be given voluntary choice to join a pension scheme when they join a job.

There has to be some element of soft compulsion to join pension schemes. We are working on that. It is successful model in other countries, so we want it to work here also,” Mr Contractor added.

[“source-ndtv”]

Expecting Income Tax Incentives On Bank Deposits: Mukesh Butani

Mr Butani expects the finance minister to announce some changes in the indirect tax regime to usher in GSTFinance Minister Arun Jaitley will focus on three to four broad themes in this year’s budget, says Mukesh Butani, managing partner at BMR Legal. Tax benefit to deal with inflation, rejigging of threshold and slab rates and tax relief on interest earned from bank deposits could be announced in budget, he added.

“There could be some form of incentive for garnering greater degree of deposits in the banking sector. He (Jaitley) could raise the limit on interest deduction on interest from bank is concerned,” Mr Butani told NDTV Profit. (Watch)

According to the current tax laws, if the total interest on bank deposits in a financial year crosses the threshold limit of Rs 10,000, tax deducted at source (TDS) is applied on the interest earned.

In the previous year’s budget, Mr Jaitley had announced the government’s intention to reduce corporate tax from 30 per cent to 25 per cent over the next four years. Mr Butani expects the finance minister to outline a roadmap for lowering of corporate tax rate.

“The primary agenda would be how the corporate tax rate would be lowered over the next 4 years, including the phase-out programs for various exemptions.”

Indirect tax

Mr Butani expects the finance minister to announce some changes in the indirect tax regime to usher in GST (goods and services tax).

“In the light of Parliament logjam on GST, people would be wondering what is the finance minister is going to do as far as GST is concerned. Taking away of the central sales tax (CST) will be important signal for the GST,” he said. “The government is well within its realm to carry out the requisite amendments for indirect tax central sales tax levies for seamless credits. That will ease pressure and signal that the central part of GST is concerned, at least seamless credits are available.”

CST is levied on goods in inter-state trade. Under the proposed GST regime, major central and state taxes will get subsumed into GST to bring in a uniform tax regime across the country. In anticipation of implementation of GST, the central sales tax goods was brought down from 4 per cent to 2 per cent in two phases in 2007-2009 but this tax has not yet been fully phased out yet.

Mr Butani also expects the government to address the inverted duty structure issue in some sectors. Under the inverted duty structure, the import duty on the raw material is more than the import duty on the same finished product, a taxation structure the hurts the competitiveness of domestic manufacturing industry.

“You could also very well see, the continuing efforts of successive governments, including this government, to address the inverted duty structure in certain industries in which it is still around,” he said.

Mr Bhutani also expects the finance minister to announce administrative tax reforms to increase the ease of doing business in India and also defer the general anti-avoidance rule (GAAR) for another year. (Read: 5 facts about GAAR)

[“source-ndtv”]

Equity Mutual Funds’ Assets Hit 5-Month Low

Equity Mutual Funds' Assets Hit 5-Month LowAsset base of equity mutual funds declined to Rs 3.45 lakh crore, its lowest level in five months, at the end of January due to weak inflows in such schemes. Prior to this decline, asset base of equity MFs has been continuously rising since August last year.

Market experts attributed the slump in assets under management (AUM) to sluggish inflow in equity and equity linked schemes.

Equity mutual funds witnessed an inflow worth just Rs 2,914 crore, the lowest level in the last 20 months, due to sluggish stock markets and appreciation in gold prices. However, equity MFs saw an average monthly inflow of Rs 7,550 crore in 2015.

The industry’s equity AUM dropped from Rs 3.64 lakh crore in December to Rs 3.45 lakh crore in January this year, according to Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI). This was the lowest since August, when the assets base of equity mutual funds stood at Rs 3.43 lakh crore.

Asset base of equity MFs was at Rs 3.62 lakh crore and Rs 3.56 lakh crore and Rs 3.47 lakh crore in November, October and September, respectively. It stood at Rs 3.52 lakh crore in July.

Despite moderation in inflows, local MFs continued to be biggest institutional investors in January. MFs made a net investment of $1.1 billion in stock markets during the period under review.

However, market experts believe that if the moderation in inflow persists, domestic MFs may not remain biggest institutional buyer of Indian equities in the near term.

Meanwhile, the 30-share benchmark index Sensex plunged by nearly 5 per cent last month.

Mutual fund is an investment vehicle with a pool of funds collected from investors to buy securities such as stocks, bonds, money market instruments and similar assets.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

[“source-ndtv”]

Can’t Pay Your EMIs? How To Get Out Of Debt Trap

Can't Pay Your EMIs? How To Get Out Of Debt TrapWith credit easily available these days, it’s not rare to find people overspending only to regret it later. Taking a loan to build assets like a house is recommended due to the tax benefits and savings on rent. But overspending using expensive debts such as credit cards and personal loans for lifestyle expenses should be avoided.

However, if you are already burdened with debt, here are a few steps that can help you to lighten up you debt burden.

Take account of your finances

First of all, you need to ascertain where your finances stand. How bad is the situation? Calculate your income to expense ratio. Ascertain what portion of your income goes towards servicing EMIs. “Personal loans including car loan, credit card outstanding or any other loan should be in the range of one-seventh to one fifth while home loan should be limited to one-third of net income,” says Kartik Jhaveri, founder director of Transcend Consulting, a Mumbai-based financial planning firm.

All types of loans put together shouldn’t exceed 50 per cent of the income of a person, he adds.

Therefore, if your loans exceed the limit, you can be in a worrying situation. “If somebody’s loan repayment outgo is 60-70 per cent of the income, it should be brought down in the shortest possible time,” says Suresh Sadagopan founder of Ladder7 Financial Advisories.

Cut down on your lifestyle expenses

It will be difficult to do so but you will have to do this. Make a budget, analyse your monthly expenses to figure out where you can save. Even small savings by cutting down on spending on eating out, limiting the movies you watch in theatres etc can make a difference. “If there are 5-6 expenses on which you spend Rs. 2,000 monthly and can be avoided, you can save Rs. 12,000 per month which is a decent sum,” says Mr Sadagopan.

Prepay the expensive loan first

Make a list of all the loans along with the interest rate that you are servicing currently. Higher interest rate means higher cost. So you should start paying off the high cost debt first. Credit card loan is one of the most expensive loans with interest rate usually ranging between 24 and 36 per cent per annum.

Next comes, the personal loan where interest rate generally starts at 13-15 per cent per annum. You can utilise some of these cheaper options to repay the high-interest loans.

Loan against fixed deposit: If you have a fixed deposit, take a loan against it which generally comes at an interest rate of 1 to 2 per cent above the fixed deposit interest rate.

Top-up home loan: If you have a home loan and paid EMIs for at least 6-12 months, you can avail a top-up loan which is generally available at an interest rate of 1 to 2 per cent above the home loan rate. Unlike a home loan, you can utilise the sum for any purpose you want to.

Loan against insurance: If you have an insurance policy which is more than 10 years old, you can utilise it to avail a loan against it to repay the expensive loans, says Mr Jhaveri of Transcend Consulting.

Use the bonus: If you are getting any incentive or bonus, any proceeds from investments maturity, use it to prepay the loan, says Mr Sadagopan of Ladder7 Financial Advisories.

[“source-ndtv”]